Cost of Building A Commercial Layer Chicken House for 20,000 Chickens & Step-by-Step Construction Method | How To Build It - Estimation QS (2023)

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Cost of Building A Commercial Layer Chicken House for 20,000 Chickens

Cost of Building A Commercial Layer Chicken House for 20,000 Chickens & Step-by-Step Construction Method | How To Build It - Estimation QS (1)

3D design /drawing – Commercial Layer Chicken House

Owning a chicken farm can be both an exciting and lucrative adventure. The cost of building a commercial layer chicken house depends on its design and material specifications. What is a layer house? It’s a farm building or shed where female chickens (Layers) are kept for the purpose of laying eggs. Depending on the size of the building, this chicken farm is capable of small to large-scale egg production, so you can build a house to accommodate as low as 10,000 layers, and up to 200,000 birds. The design in this post is for 20,000 layer chickens.

There are two main types of poultry houses, an automated/mechanically ventilated house, and a naturally ventilated house. The design you choose depends on many factors such as the weather/climate conditions in your region, the amount of budget (finances) you have for each of the design alternatives, the ground conditions, the availability of specific materials in your area and the amount of labour, time you want to cut or put in.

If you need to improve productivity and increase efficiency on your farm, you will have to invest in technology. An automated layer house has mechanically controlled systems for feeding, drinking, egg collection and manure removal. The ventilation is also automated, adjusting and changing accordingly with the environmental temperature, wind pressure, humidity and lighting. This commercial chicken house will save you a lot of money, especially in reducing labour costs. One man can run and manage the entire farm via the control room and occasionally inspecting the building.

Cost of Building A Commercial Layer Chicken House for 20,000 Chickens & Step-by-Step Construction Method | How To Build It - Estimation QS (2)

Cost Estimate for Building a Chicken House for 20000 Layers

Elemental Analysis of Construction Cost

Commercial Layer House for 20,000 Chickens

1 SUBSTRUCTURE – $33,883

See also The Use of Bills of Quantities in Tender Pricing and Purchasing Materials

2 GROUND FLOOR – $128,733

3 STRUCTURAL FRAME – $13,661

4 EXTERNAL FAÇADE – $9,400

5 ROOFS – $8,831

6 FLOOR FINISHES – $21,421

7 ELECTRICAL INSTALLATION – $9,867

8 AIR CONDITIONING – $3,854

9 HEATING AND COOLING – $11,471

10 ELECTRONIC SYSTEMS – $1,150

11 COMMUNICATIONS AND SECURITY – $69

12 OTHER – $32,100

13 SITE CLEARANCE – $540

14 SOIL DRAINAGE – $1,523

15 FIRE SERVICE – $691

16 ELECTRICAL INSTALLATION – $19,782

17 PRELIMINARIES – $20,623

18 CONSTRUCTION CONTINGENCY – $11,785

TOTAL CONSTRUCTION COST – $329,384

Cost/m² – $306.97

How To Build a Layer House for 20,000 Chickens

A typical modern commercial layer chicken shed is usually built to save material costs, especially the wall envelope. So instead of having clay brickwalls or concrete-block walls spanning the floor-to-ceiling height (e.g. 3500m), you will replace them with a lightweight cladding material such as EPS, XPS, PU, PVC Foam sandwich panels. Profiled steel/aluminium cladding sheets are another type of material that can be used for walls and roof covering.

Building a portal frame steel shed is much cheaper and convenient than building a regular full brick house. A steel house has steel columns (H-sections), reinforced concrete bases and steel beams (roof rafters – I sections) as its structural frame. Z-steel sections are used for roof purlins. U-steel sections are used as wall side rails, providing a frame on which to fix side cladding. The following are elements of a steel farm building. The step-by-step construction process is depicted by pictures below:

Substructure

Earthworks:

Prepare Site:

Clear site of all vegetation, bushes, shrubs, grass etc, including grubbing up roots, stumps and removing all rubbish and debris – Area: 96,580 x 18,040mm

Topsoil excavation/scarifying 150mm deep to reduced level, levelling the site and compacting – Area: 96,580 x 18,040mm

150mm compacted hardcore, 50mm sand blinding, DPM (Vapour barrier), 150mm concrete slab, 25-30mm granolithic screed.

Dig Holes:

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From reduced level, Excavate holes for RC column base foundations – 1000 x 1000 x 700mm deep.

Compact bottom of holes, then add 50mm sand blinding. If the soil is weak, add a 50mm layer of soilcrete, also known as concrete blinding or weak concrete, Grade 10Mpa or 15Mpa.

Cost of Building A Commercial Layer Chicken House for 20,000 Chickens & Step-by-Step Construction Method | How To Build It - Estimation QS (3)

Excavations Plan – Commercial Layer Chicken House foundations

Cost of Building A Commercial Layer Chicken House for 20,000 Chickens & Step-by-Step Construction Method | How To Build It - Estimation QS (4)

Site Excavations – Poultry Layer House

Dig Trenches:

Excavate trench for manure conveyer belt, depth 1,100mm from reduced level. The manure conveyer belt channel (pit) is located on one end of the building, running along the internal width of the house, and out into an external pit where a second conveyer belt is connected to send the waste into a truck or commercial container. The dimensions for the conveyer belt pit are shown on the drawings.

The 3 rows of A-Type, 4 Tier chicken cages (82m long), installed in the house, have their own manure collection conveyer belt system located under the cage. Trenches or pits are not needed for this system, so no excavations will be made.

Concrete Column Bases:

Cost of Building A Commercial Layer Chicken House for 20,000 Chickens & Step-by-Step Construction Method | How To Build It - Estimation QS (5)

Site Plan – Reinforced concrete foundation bases for layer poultry house

Size of RC concrete bases – 1000 x 1000 x 1000mm deep.

Install rough formwork to sides of excavated holes for RC bases – 1000 x 1000 x 1000mm high.

In the bottom surface of excavated holes, pour 75 mm concrete cover (Grade 30Mpa), then Lay steel reinforcement bars ( as shown in the Engineer’s Bar Bending Schedule) and pour in concrete Grade 30Mpa/19mm for RC column bases. Leave the concrete to set and cure for 21 days.

Thickened Edges for RC Slab (Floor):

Cost of Building A Commercial Layer Chicken House for 20,000 Chickens & Step-by-Step Construction Method | How To Build It - Estimation QS (6)

Site Plan – Thickened edges for reinforced concrete pad / slab built above strip level.

Cost of Building A Commercial Layer Chicken House for 20,000 Chickens & Step-by-Step Construction Method | How To Build It - Estimation QS (7)

Site Plan – Reinforced concrete foundation edges for raft foundation

A raft foundation will be used for this house, as well as the service/control room. A raft foundation is basically a reinforced concrete floor slab with a thickened edge.

See also Top 5 BIM Quantity Takeoff Software – 3D Model Based Estimating Solutions

Raft foundation dimensions:

Thickened edge: 450mm wide x 225mm deep

Floor slab: 150mm

Overall depth: 150 + 225 = 375mm

………………………………………..

Plinth Height (Top of Foundation Wall above ground level – Reduced Level) = 300mm

Foundation excavation depth for thickened edges: 375-300 = 75mm

Excavate foundations 75mm deep. Compact bottoms and add sand blinding.

Install smooth formwork to sides for thickened edges, overall depth/height – 375mm

At the bottom of excavations, pour 75mm concrete cover (Grade 30Mpa), then Lay steel reinforcement bars ( as shown in the Engineer’s Bar Bending Schedule) and pour in concrete Grade 30Mpa/19mm for RC thickened edges. Leave the concrete to set and cure for 21 days.

Earthworks: Filling Under Floors:

Cost of Building A Commercial Layer Chicken House for 20,000 Chickens & Step-by-Step Construction Method | How To Build It - Estimation QS (8)

Substructure cross section details – Foundations and floor filling for portal frame chicken house.

When the concrete for Thickened Edges has cured and hardened inside the formwork, carefully remove the formwork and store it away on the site.

You now have a reinforced concrete foundation wall 375mm high and 450mm thick. This foundation wall will enclose the filling under the floors:

Compact the excavated surfaces. On compacted bottoms, add a 150mm layer of hardcore material (gravel, crushed bricks, stone etc.)

On top of hardcore material, add a 50 or 75mm layer of sand blinding. This provides an even surface to lay a concrete bed. It also protects and shields the DPM (Damp proof membrane) from damage by hardcore material.

On top of sand blinding, add a layer of DPM, also known as a moisture barrier or vapour barrier.

On top of DPM, pour in a 150mm thick concrete bed. This should include reinforcement rods / bars, laid appropriately according to the Engineer’s Bar Bending Schedule.

Cost of Building A Commercial Layer Chicken House for 20,000 Chickens & Step-by-Step Construction Method | How To Build It - Estimation QS (9)

Reinforced concrete slab and floor for portal frame chicken shed.

Cost of Building A Commercial Layer Chicken House for 20,000 Chickens & Step-by-Step Construction Method | How To Build It - Estimation QS (10)

Concrete floor and slab for poultry shed

Floor Finish:

The floor finish suitable for a farm chicken house will be a granolithic screed. Add a layer of 25 to 30mm screeds (1:4 cement plaster screeds steel floated on concrete).

Superstructure

Portal Frame:

At this stage, you have to start building the superstructure. The structural frame for this chicken shed consists of steel columns (H-sections – 152x152mm/23.4kg/m) and steel beams (I-sections – 150 x 75mm/14kg/m). A crane will be used to lift, move and place the heavy steel sections in position. The steel columns are 3,400mm high on the sides, and at least 3,400mm or higher on the front and back elevations of the house.

Cost of Building A Commercial Layer Chicken House for 20,000 Chickens & Step-by-Step Construction Method | How To Build It - Estimation QS (11)

Steel portal frame side rails, columns and roof purlins

Cost of Building A Commercial Layer Chicken House for 20,000 Chickens & Step-by-Step Construction Method | How To Build It - Estimation QS (12)

Steel portal frame back elevation

To complete the portal frame, steel beams (roof rafters) are erected. The steel rafters have an overall base span of 11,560mm. Each rafter has end plates and haunching welded to both ends. At least 6 holes are drilled on the end plates to allow for bolting to the H-section universal column. The other end is bolted to the apex where the rafters meet to form the ridge.

The universal column has a base plate (15mm thick) welded at the foot. Four holes are drilled on the base plate. Stiffeners (L x T x 150 x 50mm) may be welded around the column foot, 2 on each corner for extra stability. The column will then be held in vertical position and fixed to the concrete base with 4 anchor bolts (holding down bolts) embedded in the concrete. The L-shaped anchor bolts are cast in situ, meaning they are embedded at the time the concrete is poured in place. Columns will be fixed on the base only after the concrete has hardened and cured, at least 21 days or more from casting.

Brickwork:

Cost of Building A Commercial Layer Chicken House for 20,000 Chickens & Step-by-Step Construction Method | How To Build It - Estimation QS (13)

Steel portal frame and Dado wall 840mm high

The next step after erecting the portal frame (columns and beams) is building a Dado brickwall. In this particular project, a combination of brickwork and profiled steel/sandwich panels will be used. About 75% of the wall envelope will be profiled cladding sheets, and 25% will be brickwalls. Build the wall, starting at plinth level or floor level. The base brickwork (Dado wall) for this poultry house will be 840mm high. The height of a Dado wall is roughly the height of a kitchen table.

Cost of Building A Commercial Layer Chicken House for 20,000 Chickens & Step-by-Step Construction Method | How To Build It - Estimation QS (14)

Portal frame, dado wall and chicken manure conveyer belt

In this project, hollow concrete blocks of standard size 390 x 140 x 190mm high (code M150) will be used.

Wall Cladding:

The two main types of cladding material that you can use for a portal frame wall are profiled cladding sheets and sandwich panels. What you choose depends on your budget, specifications, weather conditions and the availability of such materials in your area.

Cladding sheets are thin single layers available in different materials (steel, aluminium, galvanized iron, metal alloys, PVC, fibre glass and non-metal polymers.)

Cost of Building A Commercial Layer Chicken House for 20,000 Chickens & Step-by-Step Construction Method | How To Build It - Estimation QS (15)

Portal frame shed – wall cladding using sandwich panels

Sandwich panels have at least two layers. The most commonly used sandwich panels have two or three layers, which include the core material and the skin material. The core material is much thicker than the skin, so depending on the thickness of the core material, you can have panels ranging in thickness from 5 to 200mm. The core material is usually made in foam, honeycomb or solid structure. The skins are sheets, covering the core and providing an aesthetic architectural profile.

Various types of synthetic and non-synthetic material can be used for core material – Polycarbonate, PP, PVC, Balsa, Aluminium, Polyurethane (PU), Extruded Polystyrene (EPS) and XPS.

For this commercial poultry house project, profiled multi-clad sandwich panels are used.

Multi-Clad Sandwich Panel:

Cladding panels 870mm wide,

Rib depth – 32mm,

Flat sandwich core depth – 50mm,

Overall depth – (50+32) =82mm overall depth.

2636mm high Wall Panels.

Wall Framing – Side Rails:

In a steel building such as this portal frame chicken shed, metal side rails are fixed across the spaced columns around the building. They provide a frame on which to fix side cladding / sandwich panels. C-Section steel rails (ref: 122 C18-3.54kg/m) shall be used for this wall framing plan. Z-Section steel rails are also a commonly used alternative for wall framing.

When framing around doors and windows, vertical steel rails (mullions) will be included, along with head and bottom rails (transoms).

Roof:

Cost of Building A Commercial Layer Chicken House for 20,000 Chickens & Step-by-Step Construction Method | How To Build It - Estimation QS (16)

Portal frame house – roof covering using sandwich panels

Purlins: Z-Section steel purlins (Ref 122 Z 18 – 3.54kg/m). Fix steel purlins at 1200mm centre to centre spacing across the I-Section rafters.

Roof Covering: Multi-clad sandwich panels 6066x870mm wide, rib depth 32mm, flat core 50mm, overall depth 82mm.

Doors

Poultry Layer House

40mm thick hardwood double door 2000x2400mm high, with steel pull handles and dead lock.

Service Room

40mm thick hardwood flush panel door 813x2023mm high, with mortice lock and steel handle.

Ventilation

Electronically controlled air conditioning is required for a big modern farm chicken house. The internal gross floor area for this building excluding the service room is 90,000 x 11,560mm.

Cooling Pads:

Cost of Building A Commercial Layer Chicken House for 20,000 Chickens & Step-by-Step Construction Method | How To Build It - Estimation QS (17)

Cooling pads for poultry house – size 2500 x 2000mm high. Back elevation

These are installed on the sides of walls. They are rectangular panels, at least 150mm thick, housing a honeycomb pad which cools down hot air as it passes through the pad. Each panel has a water distributor at the top which keeps the pad wet. The water is drained out of the pad via outlet pipes or water reservoir located at the bottom.

Cooling panel size – 2500x2000mm high, 4 on the back, and 10 on side elevations.

Evaporative cooling pads are essential in hot climates where temperatures are high. They are also needed during the summer season. Hot dry air (e.g. 40 degrees Celsius) will be reduced to about 26 degrees Celsius as it enters the building. This maintains a healthy environment for chickens.

Cooling Fans:

Cost of Building A Commercial Layer Chicken House for 20,000 Chickens & Step-by-Step Construction Method | How To Build It - Estimation QS (18)

Cooling fans for poultry house and manure conveyer belt – Front elevation

These are installed at the front or back of the house depending on the site location and house design. For this house plan, eight 50 inch butterfly cone fans will be installed. Cooling fans provide an exhaust for internal air. They also help to maintain a constant circulation of cool fresh air inside the building.

Air Vents:

These are small windows (600x300mm high) also known as air inlets, installed higher up the wall, about 3000mm from the floor level depending on the building height. Vents will supply the house with natural ventilation at all times. They have an opening leaf hinged at the top or bottom, which is automatically controlled by static pressure or manually operated by a winch.

Total number of windows – 25×2=50

Specialist Installations

Electrical Installation:

Will the chicken house be powered by solar panels or municipal electricity supply? This is a question that you have to answer. For a municipal connection, you will need to connect to an existing service panel installed by the local electricity board. You will also need to distribute and install electrical circuits inside the building including lighting fixtures, switches, power sockets etc.

Environmental Control Monitor:

Cost of Building A Commercial Layer Chicken House for 20,000 Chickens & Step-by-Step Construction Method | How To Build It - Estimation QS (19)

Service room housing the environmental control monitor for the poultry house.

This monitor is installed in the service room. Feedback from sensors inside the building can be seen, routine tasks can be set, initiated or stopped. Here, the service room attendant can control and monitor all the automatic, electronic and electrical installations in the chicken house. These include:

  • Feeding line
  • Drinking line
  • Exhaust fans
  • Cooling pad
  • Air vents
  • Stockline system
  • Lighting
  • Internal temperature
  • External temperature
  • Humidity
  • Wind/air speed
  • Alarm system
  • Heating system

Automatic Feeding Line:

The equipment includes drivers (motors), feeding pipe, pan, box, auger and sensor – BySteelStructure.com

Automatic Drinking Line:

The equipment includes auto doser, filter, meter, main pipe, pressure controller, water level monitor, reinforced pipe, drinking nipple and water cup – BySteelStructure.com

Automatic Main Stockline:

The equipment includes feed silo, weight sensor, location sensor, feed pipe, auger and driving equipment – BySteelStructure.com

Automatic Egg Collection Line:

This system eliminates manual labour costs as well as breakage of eggs by over 99%. Eggs laid by chickens slip into a conveyer belt for transportation to the collection point.

……………………………………………..

Temperature Recorders:

This device is installed inside and outside the building to measure environmental temperature.

Humidity Sensors:

The device is installed indoors to measure air humidity.

Air Speed Sensors:

The device is used to measure air and wind speed.

Light Sensor:

This electronic system will activate and deactivate lighting based on the time of day or lighting conditions inside the house.

Cooling Pad Controller:

The device controls the cooling pads inside the house.

Cooling Fan Controller:

The device controls the cooling fans inside the house.

Air Vent Controller:

Static pressure sensor and auto controller for air inlet windows, to allow for natural ventilation.

Heating System:

Chickens should be provided with enough warmth during the cold season. A central heating system fired by coal, gas, oil or electricity should be installed. The heating system comes with an auto-control device monitored in the service room.

Alarm System:

Alarm for emergency alerts and status updates of the environment.

Chicken Cages

Three rows of A-type, 4-Tier, 5 Door chicken cages made of steel mesh wire will be installed on the floor. Each cage measures 1950x450x410mm high. A 4-tier set (8 cages) can accommodate 160 chickens.

Chicken house internal dimensions: 90,000 x 11,560mm wide.

Configuration – 3 rows per chicken house, 42 sets per row, 126 sets.

Accommodation capacity – 160 birds/set * 42 sets/row * 3 rows= 20,160 birds per house.

During the factory manufacturing process, the steel cages are treated with electrostatic spraying and epoxy resin powder coating to resist corrosion and increase their lifespan by up to 20 years.

Manure/Waste Removal System

Cost of Building A Commercial Layer Chicken House for 20,000 Chickens & Step-by-Step Construction Method | How To Build It - Estimation QS (20)

Aerial plan showing the internal and external chicken manure conveyer belts

Cage Waste Conveyer Belt

There are two types of manure waste removal systems – using an automatic/mechanical scraper that scraps waste collected inside the pit below the cage or using an automatic manure belt conveyer fixed under the A-Type, 4-Tier cage rows. If you need the later, the conveyer belt comes attached to the cage, so you have to buy a specialized A-Type, 4-Tier cage system for this purpose.

In this system, chicken waste falls on the conveyer belt which moves the waste to a collection pit at the other end of the cage row.

Collection Pit Conveyer Belt

Internal Pit

A brickwall pit approximately 1000mm wide and 1400mm deep from floor level is built along the internal width of the house to accommodate a manure belt conveyer that collects waste from the cages, and sends it to an external pit.

External Pit

The external pit is a brickwall structure, about 2700x1800x1400mm deep. It has its own conveyer belt inclined at a slope of less than or equal to 25 degrees. This conveyer belt takes waste from the second chain to a truck or container stationed outside the house.

Cost of Building A Commercial Layer Chicken House for 20,000 Chickens & Step-by-Step Construction Method | How To Build It - Estimation QS (21)


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FAQs

How much does it cost to make a chicken house? ›

A professionally-built chicken coop costs $650 on average. While most homeowners pay between $300 and $2,000, prices for a chicken house can span from $180 to $8,800 or more. Prices depend on coop size and design, type of materials and the amount of prep work needed, such as land clearing or removing a tree stump.

How much space do I need for 1000 layer chickens? ›

The ideal floor space requirement for layers is 1.7 sqft per bird. For instance, the space required for 1000 broilers is 1500 sqft while the space requirement for 1000 layers is 1700 sqft. You can use the calculator above to determine the floor space requirements for 500, 5000 or 10000 broilers or layers.

What is the standard size of a poultry house? ›

The width of the open-sided poultry house should be about 30 ft (9.8 m) and no more than 40 ft (12.2 m) wide. Houses that are wider will not provide ample ventilation during hot weather. Wide houses also require additional interior supports that may interfere with equipment or manure removal.

How much does it cost to build a poultry house in South Africa? ›

The South African poultry industry has room for growth and the Department of Agriculture, Land Reform and Rural Development has called on young people to take advantage. On average, it could cost you between R20,000 to 50,000 to start your own chicken farm, depending on how big or small you're starting.

How much does it cost to build a layer poultry farm? ›

Total expenditure for 10000 Layer Poultry Unit= Rs 40,95,040.

How many chickens are in a layer house? ›

The majority of medium (30,000 to 99,999 laying hens) and large (100,000 or more laying hens) farms used high-rise housing as their primary manure-handling method (61.1 and 62.0 percent of farms, respectively), while the majority of small farms used raised slats over floor (62.9 percent of farms).

How much space do I need for 2000 chickens? ›

For birds ranging from 19 to 42 days of age they need a floor space of 1000 cm2, 6-7 cm of feed space and 3 cm of water space. Layer Poultry: a) In case of deep litter system, a floor space of approximately 2 sq. ft. per bird must be provided.

How much space do 100 layers need? ›

There is some evidence that better lay- ing results are obtained by increasing feeding space per 100 layers from 35 to 48 ft. and even up to 60 ft.

How much space do you need for 5000 chickens? ›

Area required for 5000 birds

If you are thinking about a 5000 chickens farm, then you must have at least 0.5m x 0.5m square meter area for a chicken till its full growing process time. That means you should have a 1500 square meter area of 15m x 100m.

How much land will be required to make a capacity of 10000 birds poultry farm? ›

PROJECT REPORT 10000 BROILERS
ECONOMICS OF BROILER FARMING TO PRODUCE 10,000 BROILERS PER CYCLE
Land development @ 20000/- per acre for one acre20000
Fencing @ 20000/acre per one acre20000
Construction of Brooder cum grower house one sq.ft/bird for 10000 birds @Rs.250/sq.ft2500000
A bore well with submersible pump90000
18 more rows

What is the best poultry housing system? ›

If you are ready for the tips, then here goes;
  • Controlled Access. ...
  • Comfortable flooring or bedding for the birds. ...
  • Convenient To Clean. ...
  • Easy Egg Collection. ...
  • Good Lighting and Heating System. ...
  • Proper Ventilation. ...
  • Effective Waste Disposal Unit. ...
  • Divisions for Different Ages and Species of Birds.

How many eggs does a layer lay a day? ›

A hen can lay only one egg in a day and will have some days when it does not lay an egg at all. The reasons for this laying schedule relate to the hen reproductive system. A hen's body begins forming an egg shortly after the previous egg is laid, and it takes 26 hours for an egg to form fully.

How much is a layer chicken in South Africa? ›

The broiler market – chickens for meat – or the layer market – these are chickens that lay eggs. Depending on where you are in the country, a box of 100 day-old chicks will cost you between R850 to R950.

How much does it cost to raise 100 broiler chickens in South Africa? ›

The quoted prices are usually per standard box carrying 100 chicks, which would cost R8,45 (VAT included) per chick plus transport and delivery of R75 (VAT included) per 100 chicks for a total cost of R920.

How much space do you need for 20 chickens? ›

As we mention in our Chicken Coop Buyer's Guide, you need somewhere between 2 and 4 square feet per standard size chicken in order for them to live comfortable, healthy and happy lives. So, your coop needs the following amount of square feet: 20 Chickens: 40-80 square feet. 25 Chickens: 50-100 square feet.

How much is a layer? ›

Laying hens can cost anywhere from $10 (for mixed breeds) to $100 (purebred from a hatchery). Certain breeds, like the all black chicken Ayam Cemani, can cost up to $5,000! Here's where to buy baby chicks and started pullets. If you only want female chickens (pullets), then learn how to sex baby chicks here.

How do you increase egg production in layers? ›

  1. Tip #1. Introduce birds to their new environment one to two weeks prior to lay.
  2. Tip #2. Increase the amount of feed or the energy content of the diet. ...
  3. Tip #3. Ensure proper feeder design. ...
  4. Tip #4. Adjust the feed formulation to meet higher calcium requirements.
  5. Tip #5. Ensure strict biosecurity.

How much space do 500 layers need? ›

For 500 layers, the minimum space requirement is approximately 875 square feet. Walls can be made of chicken or mesh wire material. When using cages, a floor dimension of 12" x 18" can accommodate at least three birds and a maximum of five birds.

How do you calculate chicken space? ›

Calculating the Size of the Chicken Coop and Run

As a rule of thumb, provide a minimum of 3 to 5 square feet per chicken in the chicken coop and a minimum of 10 square feet per chicken in the run. Reserve about 2 square feet in the coop per bantam. Provide a nest box for every three to four hens.

How much space do layers need? ›

Chapter 4: General Management
Chicken typesFloor Space (birds/m2)Perch Space (per bird)
Layer325 cm (10 in)
Dual Purpose420 cm (8 in)
Meat4-515-20 cm (6-8 in)

How many bags of starter do I need for a 100 broiler? ›

How many bags of feed for 100 broilers for 6 weeks? A broiler would consume an average of 4.25 kg from day old to the end of the 6th week. So, 100 broilers would consume (4.25 X 100) = 425 kg or 17 bags of feed for 6 weeks.

How much space does 1000 broilers need? ›

When popholes are used these should be at least 35 cm high and 40 cm wide and allowance must be made for at least 2 meter per 1000 birds.

How do you preserve chicken layers? ›

8 Tips for Layer Production and Health
  1. Provide quality feed. To keep your chickens productive and healthy, feed them the best food you can afford. ...
  2. Clean nest boxes frequently. ...
  3. Allow free-ranging. ...
  4. Supplement with calcium. ...
  5. Inspect chickens regularly. ...
  6. Secure the coop. ...
  7. Provide fresh water. ...
  8. Control parasites.
Jan 18, 2016

How much profit does a poultry farm make? ›

If you start layer farming from a small level i.e. 1500 chickens, then you can earn 50000 to 1 lakh every month. For this, first of all, you to find a place for poultry farming. About 1-2 lakh will have to be spent on cage & equipment. A budget of 50000 will have to be kept for buying the chickens.

Is there profit in poultry farming? ›

Poultry farming is one of the fastest-growing and most profitable agri-business in the current Indian market scenario. Moreover, poultry business is the best idea for those who want to pursue a successful agri-business career in India.

How do I start a poultry farm business plan? ›

1. Select the sector that suits your interest, this includes-
  1. Meat production (through broilers breeding)
  2. Eggs production (through layers breeding)
  3. Production of poultry feed.
  4. Equipment manufacture required in poultry farming.
  5. Eggs and meat processing.
  6. Chicken hatching.
  7. Packaging and marketing of eggs and meat.

What is the ideal direction for the construction of a poultry house? ›

Correct orientation of tropical poultry houses parallel to the shadow of a vertical pole, during hot A.N. 17. –Layout should not allow visitors or outside vehicles near the birds. –The sheds should be so located that the fresh air first passes through the brooder shed, followed by grower and layer sheds.

What are the equipment used in poultry house? ›

Heater: Heat management is very necessary for poultry farming. Bulb, heater or other heating equipment can be used to warm up the poultry cage. 9. Egg Handling Nest: Egg handling nest or cages are used for transporting eggs from one place to another places.

What are the types of roofs used in poultry houses? ›

Slatted or Wire Floor Poultry System.

Which is more profitable layer or broiler? ›

In the long run, Layers farming on a large scale will be more profitable and bring in more revenue than broiler farming as after laying of eggs, the birds can be sold out as meat even though at lesser price than that of broilers.

How do I start a layer business? ›

How to Start a Layer Farm for Egg Production
  1. White Egg-Laying Hens. This type of hens is comparatively smaller in size. ...
  2. Brown Egg-Laying Hens. Brown egg-laying hens are s larger in size. ...
  3. Location. ...
  4. Set-Up Capital. ...
  5. Get Chicks. ...
  6. Feeds and Water Management. ...
  7. Vaccination. ...
  8. Marketing.

How do I start a commercial egg farm? ›

How to Start A Pastured Poultry Egg Farm - AMA S8:E1 - YouTube

How many months do layers lay eggs? ›

EGG PRODUCTION CYCLE. Birds usually start to lay at around five months (20-21 weeks) of age and continue to lay for 12 months (52 weeks) on average, laying fewer eggs as they near the moulting period. The typical production cycle lasts about 17 months (72 weeks) and involves three distinct phases, as follows.

How many weeks do layers lay eggs? ›

Patrick Biggs, Ph. D. Many hens lay their first egg around 18 weeks of age and then lay up to an egg each day, subject to breed, environment and individual bird. At 18 weeks, choose a complete layer feed with the Purina® Oyster Strong® System to help your hens lay strong and stay strong.

How much feed does a layer eat per day? ›

The feed should be fed ad-lib to laying birds from the onset of laying, which is around 18 weeks, up until the end of laying. Each bird is expected to consume between 115g-125g of the feed per day.

How much does it cost to start a small poultry farm in South Africa? ›

On average, it costs between R20,000 to R50,000 to start a chicken farm poultry business in South Africa. This depends on the size of the farm, what type of housing you will be using, where the farm is located, and the breeds you will be farming. Growing a day-old chick typically costs around R40 to the point of sale.

How much does it cost to start an egg business in South Africa? ›

How Much Does It Cost To Start An Egg Business In South Africa? New entrepreneurs and small-scale farmers are gaining access to promising new poultry products in South Africa, so now is a great time to start their own business. However, before you start a successful business, you'll need at least R20,000 to $50,000.

How do I start an egg laying chicken business in South Africa? ›

You can start your layers egg farming business by buying point of lay layers or day old layer chicks. If you buy day old layer chicks, you will have to raise them till they are 19 weeks, which is the time they will start to lay eggs.

How do you make a chicken house? ›

The floor should be made of concrete with rat proof device and free from dampness. The floor of the house should be extended 1.5 feet outside the wall on all sides to prevent rat and snake problems. The door must be open outside in case of deep-litter poultry houses. The size of door is preferably 6 x 2.5 feet.

How much does a chicken run cost? ›

The typical cost range for a chicken coop is $300–$2,000. A large, high-end chicken coop can run $4,000 or more. Cost factors include coop material, style, and labor. You should also budget for ongoing costs and maintenance.

How much land will be required to make a capacity of 10000 birds poultry farm? ›

PROJECT REPORT 10000 BROILERS
ECONOMICS OF BROILER FARMING TO PRODUCE 10,000 BROILERS PER CYCLE
Land development @ 20000/- per acre for one acre20000
Fencing @ 20000/acre per one acre20000
Construction of Brooder cum grower house one sq.ft/bird for 10000 birds @Rs.250/sq.ft2500000
A bore well with submersible pump90000
18 more rows

How much does it cost to build a poultry house in Nigeria? ›

Poultry Farming in Nigeria startup costs: 500 birds (point-of-lay layers): N1,500,000. 5 cages (100 birds-per-cage) to house the 500 birds: N450,000. Cage house or pen construction: N1,500,000.

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